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== 概要 ==
 
== 概要 ==
  
'''Hand and Foot''' is a traditional card game for 2 or more players, acting either individually or in teams.  It uses a large number of card decks (typically one or two more than the number of players), and is a rummy-style meld-building game based on Canasta.
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'''Hand and Foot''' is a traditional card game for 2 or more players, acting either individually or in teams.  It uses a large number of card decks (typically one or two more than the number of players), and is a rummy-style meld-building game based on Canasta.<br/><br/>
  
 
ゲームは「ラウンド」に分割され、各ラウンドは1ハンドのプレイで構成されます。<br/>
 
ゲームは「ラウンド」に分割され、各ラウンドは1ハンドのプレイで構成されます。<br/>
規定のラウンド数を行うか、規定の得点にどちらかのチームが達したらゲーム終了です。スコアが最も高いチームがゲームに勝ちます。
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規定のラウンド数を行うか、規定の得点にどちらかのチームが達したらゲーム終了です。スコアが最も高いチームがゲームに勝ちます。<br/><br/>
  
 
4人のプレーヤーによる典型的な4ラウンドのゲームは、完了するのに約2時間かかります。<br/>
 
4人のプレーヤーによる典型的な4ラウンドのゲームは、完了するのに約2時間かかります。<br/>
ゲームのBGAバージョンは、2〜7人の個人戦と、4~12人のチーム戦をサポートします。
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ゲームのBGAバージョンは、2〜7人の個人戦と、4~12人のチーム戦をサポートします。<br/>
  
==Round setup==
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デッキは複数のトランプセットで構成されます。
Players are seated so that partners are opposite each other at the table.  If teams have more than two players, they are seated so team members are equidistant from each other.
 
  
The number of decks used is typically one or two more than the number of players, with the jokers included.  For faster play, non-joker cards with proper card backs can also be mixed in; in BGA this is represented as allowing more than two joker per deck.  The decks are all shuffled together, and each player is dealt two piles of cards.  House rules differ on the number of cards: some dictate the piles are 11 cards, others say 13.  One pile is not looked at, and is the ''foot''.  The other is picked up by the player and is the ''hand''.
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==ラウンドのセットアップ==
  
(オプション︰''捨て札の山''に1枚カードを置く)
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各プレイヤーに13枚のハンドと13枚のフットが配られます。<br/>
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ハンドを捨てきるまでフットを見ることはできません。<br/>
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残りのデッキで山札が作られます。
  
 
==Game objective==
 
==Game objective==
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A team must reach a predetermined ''contract'' before a round can be ended.  The contract is typically for a set number of clean, dirty, and wild books, and is the same for each team and each round of play.  A common contract for teams of two is two each clean and dirty books, and one wild book.
 
A team must reach a predetermined ''contract'' before a round can be ended.  The contract is typically for a set number of clean, dirty, and wild books, and is the same for each team and each round of play.  A common contract for teams of two is two each clean and dirty books, and one wild book.
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At the end of each round, a scoring summary is displayed, showing how each team made its points in the round.  At the end of the game, the report includes all of the game rounds.
  
 
==Scoring and card valuation==
 
==Scoring and card valuation==
The values of 3s depend on house rules.  In common variants, red 3s are worth 100 points, and are played automatically and replaced with a new card when it is the player's turn.  Black 3s are typically worth 5 points, and cannot be melded at all, or taken from the top of the discard pile (but see [[#Taking the discard|Taking the discard]] below).
 
  
 
Cards played on the board are scored for the team, while those left in the hand (and foot) are scored against the team.
 
Cards played on the board are scored for the team, while those left in the hand (and foot) are scored against the team.
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* If still holding cards, discard one
 
* If still holding cards, discard one
  
If the player runs out of cards without discarding, they can pick their foot and immediately continue playing from it; this is called ''running to the foot''.  If the player discards their last card, they can pick up their foot, but not play from it until their next turn; this is called ''walking''.
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プレイヤーが捨てずにハンドを使い果たした場合、彼らは自分のフットを取ります。その後、ターンを終了せずにそのままプレイを続けることができます。これは「フットへのランニング」と呼ばれます。<br/>
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プレイヤーが最後のカードを捨てた場合、彼らは自分のフットを拾うことはできますが、次のターンまでプレイすることはできません。これは「ウォーキング」と呼ばれます。
  
The round ends when a team has completed the required contract, and one of its players plays out both their hand and their foot.  Some house rules require the last card to be discarded, while others allow it to be played.
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チームが必要なパイルを完成させ、プレイヤーの1人がハンドとフットの両方をプレイすると、ラウンドは終了します。<br/>
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ハウスルールの中には、最後のカードを破棄することを要求するものもあれば、それをプレイすることを許可するものもあります。
  
 
===ミニマムカウント===
 
===ミニマムカウント===
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例えば、5を7枚出してクリーンパイルを完成させると、35点に加えて500点のボーナスを獲得しますが、最初のメルドとしては不十分です。
 
例えば、5を7枚出してクリーンパイルを完成させると、35点に加えて500点のボーナスを獲得しますが、最初のメルドとしては不十分です。
  
===Playing red 3s===
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===赤3===
A common house rule requires that red 3s are played into a special pile, and immediately replaced ''when it is the player's turn''.  This may occur before the draw when the player first plays from either their hand or foot, or when they draw a red 3.  Red 3s played in this manner do not count toward opening criteria.
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カードを引く/捨て札を取る前に、赤3は自動的にプレイされます。
 
 
===Drawing cards===
 
Once a player has played any red 3s in their hand, they may choose (or be forced to) draw cards.  This takes place in BGA by clicking on the draw pile, and delivers two cards into the hand.
 
  
===Taking the discard===
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===ドロー===
If the player is allowed by the house rules, they may pick up the top discard.  Common house rules require the player to (1) have two cards of the same rank in their hand, and (2) be able to immediately play all three cards to the board.  Among other things, this means that his team either (a) has already opened its board, or (b) the player taking the discard can meet the opening criteria for the round.  It also means that the top card is not a black 3, or any other card where it is forbidden by house rules to take it.  (Some house variants forbid the taking of wild cards, and house rules requiring red 3s to be discarded also typically forbid their taking.)
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山札から2枚のカードを引きます。
  
Once the player has taken and played the discard and associated meld cards, most rules require the taking of additional cards from the discard pile.  This is generally six cards, or the entire pile if it is less, but there are house rules that require the pile to have at least six more cards in it, or that require the taking of the entire discard pile in the manner of traditional Canasta rules.  A discard pile rich in black 3s can discourage the taking of discards.
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===捨て札を取る===
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捨て札の山からカードを7枚取ります。<br/>
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そのためには、一番上のカードと手札の2枚で直ちにメルドを作らなくてはなりません。<br/>
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捨て札の山の一番上に黒3がある時、捨て札を取ることはできません。<br/>
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また、捨て札から取ったカードのうち、ミニマムカウントに数えることができるのは一番上のカードだけです。
  
===Playing cards===
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===カードをプレイする===
 
Playing cards to the board consists of selecting a group of matching cards (all of the same rank with optional wild cards), and clicking on either the "New Meld" panel or the meld of the given rank on the team's meld board.  If melds are limited in size, you will not be allowed to make a meld have more than seven cards.
 
Playing cards to the board consists of selecting a group of matching cards (all of the same rank with optional wild cards), and clicking on either the "New Meld" panel or the meld of the given rank on the team's meld board.  If melds are limited in size, you will not be allowed to make a meld have more than seven cards.
  
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It is possible to ''undo'' moves up the last instance of one of these in your turn.  This may become necessary for three reasons.  First, if you attempt to open, but do not have sufficient points to make the opening criteria, you must undo your moves and make a discard instead.  Second, you cannot play the last card from your foot unless your team has made the contracted melds.  The game will not allow you to play out, so you must undo your moves.  Third, if the game rules require you to discard the last card from your foot, you will not be allowed to play it.  If you do not have the contract, you will also not be allowed to discard it.  In the latter two cases, you may be able to repeat ''some'' of the undone moves, but you must be able to make a valid discard to end your turn.
 
It is possible to ''undo'' moves up the last instance of one of these in your turn.  This may become necessary for three reasons.  First, if you attempt to open, but do not have sufficient points to make the opening criteria, you must undo your moves and make a discard instead.  Second, you cannot play the last card from your foot unless your team has made the contracted melds.  The game will not allow you to play out, so you must undo your moves.  Third, if the game rules require you to discard the last card from your foot, you will not be allowed to play it.  If you do not have the contract, you will also not be allowed to discard it.  In the latter two cases, you may be able to repeat ''some'' of the undone moves, but you must be able to make a valid discard to end your turn.
  
===Discarding===
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===カードを捨てる===
To discard, select a single card, and click on the discard pile.  If it is the last card of your foot, you will not be allowed to discard it if your team does not have the contracted melds.  In that case, you will have to undo your moves, and play so as to have at least one card remaining in your hand after discarding.
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カードを1枚捨てます。<br/>
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上がりの条件を満たしていない場合、手札のフットを0枚にすることはできません。<br/>
  
==Round and game summaries==
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黒3は捨てることしかできません(メルドを作ることはできません)。
At the end of each round, a scoring summary is displayed, showing how each team made its points in the round.  At the end of the game, the report includes all of the game rounds.
 

2022年1月13日 (木) 02:04時点における版


得点

得点
ジョーカー(ワイルド) 50
2(ワイルド) 20
A 20
K-8 10
7-4 5
黒5 -5
赤5 100
クリーンパイル 500
ダーティパイル 300
ワイルドパイル 1500
ゴーイングアウト(上がり) 100

黒5,赤5,各パイル,ゴーイングアウト(上がり)の得点はオプションで変更できます。

概要

Hand and Foot is a traditional card game for 2 or more players, acting either individually or in teams. It uses a large number of card decks (typically one or two more than the number of players), and is a rummy-style meld-building game based on Canasta.

ゲームは「ラウンド」に分割され、各ラウンドは1ハンドのプレイで構成されます。
規定のラウンド数を行うか、規定の得点にどちらかのチームが達したらゲーム終了です。スコアが最も高いチームがゲームに勝ちます。

4人のプレーヤーによる典型的な4ラウンドのゲームは、完了するのに約2時間かかります。
ゲームのBGAバージョンは、2〜7人の個人戦と、4~12人のチーム戦をサポートします。

デッキは複数のトランプセットで構成されます。

ラウンドのセットアップ

各プレイヤーに13枚のハンドと13枚のフットが配られます。
ハンドを捨てきるまでフットを見ることはできません。
残りのデッキで山札が作られます。

Game objective

The objective of the game is to create melds consisting of 3-7 (or sometimes more, depending on house rules) cards of the same rank, possibly including wild cards. Wild cards are deuces and jokers. Melds of seven cards (or more) are considered to be complete, and may be referred to as books; bonuses are awarded for these melds. Melds with less than 7 cards are considered open. A book with no wild cards is considered clean or red, and will score a higher bonus than a dirty or black book, which has at least one wild card. If the house rules allow or require, a meld of all wild cards may be formed, which will score an even higher bonus than clean books. Melds are depicted in the BGA version of the game by red cards with blue borders if they are clean, black cards with brown borders if they are dirty, and jokers bordered by gold cards if they are wild.

A team must reach a predetermined contract before a round can be ended. The contract is typically for a set number of clean, dirty, and wild books, and is the same for each team and each round of play. A common contract for teams of two is two each clean and dirty books, and one wild book.

At the end of each round, a scoring summary is displayed, showing how each team made its points in the round. At the end of the game, the report includes all of the game rounds.

Scoring and card valuation

Cards played on the board are scored for the team, while those left in the hand (and foot) are scored against the team.

Going out and meld completion bonuses

The team that goes out to end a round of play is awarded 100 points for doing so. If the draw pile is exhausted, the round ends and no team gets this bonus.

Meld bonuses are awarded when a meld reaches seven cards in length, and is denoted in the BGA version of the game by displaying the meld sideways.

Order of play

The player to the left of the dealer begins play. Each player's turn includes the following steps:

  • Play and replace any red 3s in the hand
  • Either draw two cards (playing and replacing drawn red 3s if necessary), or take the discard
  • Optionally create new melds for the team, or play cards to existing team melds, assuming opening criteria are met
  • If still holding cards, discard one

プレイヤーが捨てずにハンドを使い果たした場合、彼らは自分のフットを取ります。その後、ターンを終了せずにそのままプレイを続けることができます。これは「フットへのランニング」と呼ばれます。
プレイヤーが最後のカードを捨てた場合、彼らは自分のフットを拾うことはできますが、次のターンまでプレイすることはできません。これは「ウォーキング」と呼ばれます。

チームが必要なパイルを完成させ、プレイヤーの1人がハンドとフットの両方をプレイすると、ラウンドは終了します。
ハウスルールの中には、最後のカードを破棄することを要求するものもあれば、それをプレイすることを許可するものもあります。

ミニマムカウント

最初のメルドを作るためには、そのメルドの得点または複数のメルドの合計得点が次の得点以上でなくてはなりません。 ラウンド1,2,3,4,5以降︰50,90,120,150,150点
赤3やパイルの得点はカウントしません。 例えば、5を7枚出してクリーンパイルを完成させると、35点に加えて500点のボーナスを獲得しますが、最初のメルドとしては不十分です。

赤3

カードを引く/捨て札を取る前に、赤3は自動的にプレイされます。

ドロー

山札から2枚のカードを引きます。

捨て札を取る

捨て札の山からカードを7枚取ります。
そのためには、一番上のカードと手札の2枚で直ちにメルドを作らなくてはなりません。
捨て札の山の一番上に黒3がある時、捨て札を取ることはできません。
また、捨て札から取ったカードのうち、ミニマムカウントに数えることができるのは一番上のカードだけです。

カードをプレイする

Playing cards to the board consists of selecting a group of matching cards (all of the same rank with optional wild cards), and clicking on either the "New Meld" panel or the meld of the given rank on the team's meld board. If melds are limited in size, you will not be allowed to make a meld have more than seven cards.

You can have only one meld of a given rank open at any time. In order to create a meld, you must have at least three cards to play to it. You must always have more non-wild than wild cards in a meld, and common house rules limit the number of wild cards in a completed meld to either 2 or 3. The BGA version of the game enforces this by a "ratio rule", requiring a certain percentage of the cards in a meld at any given time to be non-wild.

The card plays you make (other than the required play of red 3s) are not shown to other players until one of several actions take place. These actions include:

  • Discarding to end your turn
  • Playing out, either to end the round or to run to your foot
  • Taking extra discards

It is possible to undo moves up the last instance of one of these in your turn. This may become necessary for three reasons. First, if you attempt to open, but do not have sufficient points to make the opening criteria, you must undo your moves and make a discard instead. Second, you cannot play the last card from your foot unless your team has made the contracted melds. The game will not allow you to play out, so you must undo your moves. Third, if the game rules require you to discard the last card from your foot, you will not be allowed to play it. If you do not have the contract, you will also not be allowed to discard it. In the latter two cases, you may be able to repeat some of the undone moves, but you must be able to make a valid discard to end your turn.

カードを捨てる

カードを1枚捨てます。
上がりの条件を満たしていない場合、手札のフットを0枚にすることはできません。

黒3は捨てることしかできません(メルドを作ることはできません)。